Plumbing pipes are essential in providing functional water supply, drainage and waste-vent systems. There are five distinct types of pipes available today: copper, PVC, cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) and chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC).
Copper pipes remain popular with plumbers and homeowners because of their long lifespan of up to 50 years, helping protect water quality while resisting corrosion, heat and bacteria growth.
PVC plumbing pipes are durable, affordable and safe solutions for both cold and hot potable water applications. In addition, they resist corrosion while accommodating high water pressure without experiencing blockages; their smooth interior lining speeds the draining process for faster draining times.
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) piping has become an increasingly popular modern alternative to metal pipes since the 1960s, serving as an economical and long-lasting option. While similar to PVC in most ways, CPVC offers greater heat and chemical resistance – two advantages over its traditional cousin.
Copper pipes are popular among plumbers due to their long lifespan and resistance to corrosion, but can be expensive and require special soldering tools for installation. Mining and manufacturing operations of copper products also cause environmental damage; however, copper is recyclable; other traditional piping materials include brass and galvanized steel.
Copper pipes have long been an industry standard in plumbing. Highly durable, these copper tubes can withstand extreme hot and cold temperatures along with high water pressures without cracking under pressure, plus corrosion-resistance helps protect water quality and help ensure its cleanliness.
They may be more expensive but offer long-term, easy maintenance solutions. Although susceptible to rusting in acidic environments and warping under direct sunlight, however, these panels have proven reliable over the years.
Copper pipes come in various thicknesses, from type K through L and M. Type K pipes have the thickest walls and should be used when buried underground; type L copper pipes offer good water pressure ratings and should be considered when providing water into homes.
No matter if you are starting from scratch or renovating an existing house, choosing the appropriate pipes will be key in creating a functional plumbing system. Making this investment will save money in repairs later and make your home more comfortable overall.
Pipes come in all sorts of different materials. Different applications and environments demand certain choices over others – copper is an excellent choice for potable water piping as its resistance to corrosion makes it durable enough.
Polybutylene, CPVC and PEX pipes are other popular choices of pipes; PEX stands out as it’s flexible, inexpensive and simple to install – plus can withstand high water pressure without leaking at its joints! Plus it can transport both hot and cold water – while being eco-friendly!
ABS (acrylonitrile butadiene styrene) pipes are constructed of extra durable plastic and often found in drain or sewer lines, at higher elevations, or for cold water distribution systems. Easy to connect and less likely to deform when exposed to low temperatures than metal alternatives, ABS pipes also contain small amounts of bisphenol A which have been linked with potential health concerns.
PVC and ABS pipes can both be used indoors, while PVC may be more suited to outdoor piping than ABS as it resists freezing more easily than its ABS counterpart. PVC is also more flexible and reduces noise pollution more effectively. Be sure to consult local building codes regarding what kind of pipe will best meet the needs of your project to help avoid costly mistakes.
Galvanized Steel Pipe
If your home’s pipes are made from galvanized steel, it is crucial to replace them immediately as any corrosion may leak and pollute the water supply, rendering it unsafe to drink. Corroded material can compromise and compromise its integrity – rendering drinking safe water impossible!
Galvanized pipe is typically composed of steel coated in zinc for protection against corrosion and rust, creating an effective yet affordable barrier against these issues. Galvanized pipes have an average life expectancy compared to other forms of plumbing pipes.
PVC pipe is an economical, versatile choice for water lines in homes today, made up of many fittings and sizes to suit most water pressure conditions. Cross-linked polyethylene (PEX) piping also is widely used – flexible enough to thread through walls, ceilings and basements while remaining rigid enough to withstand water supply pressure.